Table of Contents
- Application of IoT in Real World
- 1. IOsL (Internet of smart living)-Remote Control Appliances:
- 2. IOsC ( Internet of smart cities)-Structural Health:
- 3. IOsE (Internet of smart environment):
- 4. IOsI (Internet of smart industry):
- IOsH (Internet of smart health)-Patients Surveillance:
- IOsE (internet of smart energy)-Smart Grid:
Application of IoT in Real World
Potential applications of the IoT are numerous and diverse, permeating into practically all areas of the everyday life of individuals, enterprises, and society as a whole.
The IoT application covers smart environments/spaces in domains such as Transportation, Building, City, Lifestyle, Retail, Agriculture, Factory, Supply chain, Emergency, Healthcare, User interaction, Culture and Tourism, Environment, and Energy. Below are some of the IoT applications.
1. IOsL (Internet of smart living)-Remote Control Appliances:
Switching on and off remotely appliances to avoid accidents and save energy, Weather: Displays outdoor weather conditions such as humidity, temperature, pressure, wind speed, and rain levels with the ability to transmit data over long distances, “mart Home Appliances: Refrigerators with LCD screen telling what’s inside, food that’s about to expire, ingredients you need to buy and with all the information available on a Smartphone app.
Washing machines allow you to monitor the laundry remotely, and. Kitchen ranges with an interface to a Smartphone app allowing remotely adjustable temperature control and monitoring the oven’s self-cleaning feature, Safety Monitoring: cameras and home alarm systems make people feel safe in their daily life at home, Intrusion Detection Systems: Detection of windows and door openings and violations to prevent intruders, Energy and Water Use: Energy and water supply consumption monitoring to obtain advice on how to save cost and resources.
2. IOsC ( Internet of smart cities)-Structural Health:
Monitoring of vibrations and material conditions in buildings, bridges, and historical monuments, Lightning: intelligent and weather adaptive lighting in street lights, Safety: Digital video monitoring, fire control management, public announcement systems, Transportation: Smart Roads and Intelligent High-ways with warning messages and diversions according to climate conditions and unexpected events like accidents or traffic jams, Smart Parking: Real-time monitoring of parking spaces available in the city making residents able to identify and reserve the closest available spaces, Waste Management: Detection of rubbish levels in containers to optimize the trash collection routes. Garbage cans and recycle bins with RFID tags allow the sanitation staff to see when garbage has been put out.
3. IOsE (Internet of smart environment):
Air Pollution monitoring: Control of CO2 emissions of factories, pollution emitted by cars and toxic gases generated in farms, Forest Fire Detection: Monitoring of combustion gases and preemptive fire conditions to define alert zones, Weather monitoring: weather conditions monitoring such as humidity, temperature, pressure, wind speed and rain, Earthquake Early Detection, Water Quality: Study of water suitability in rivers and the sea for eligibility in drinkable use, River Floods: Monitoring of water level variations in rivers, dams and reservoirs during rainy days, Protecting wildlife: Tracking collars utilizing GPS/GSM modules to locate and track wild animals and communicate their coordinates via SMS.
4. IOsI (Internet of smart industry):
Explosive and Hazardous Gases: Detection of gas levels and leakages in industrial environments, surroundings of chemical factories, and inside mines, Monitoring of toxic gas and oxygen levels inside chemical plants to ensure workers and goods safety, Monitoring of water, oil, and gas levels in storage tanks and Cisterns, Maintenance and repair: Early predictions on equipment malfunctions and service maintenance can be automatically scheduled ahead of an actual part failure by installing sensors inside equipment to monitor and send reports.
IOsH (Internet of smart health)-Patients Surveillance:
Monitoring of conditions of patients inside hospitals and in old people’s homes, Medical Fridges: Control of conditions inside freezers storing vaccines, medicines, and organic elements, Fall Detection: Assistance for elderly or disabled people living independent, Dental: Bluetooth connected toothbrush with Smartphone app analyzes the brushing uses and gives information on the brushing habits on the Smartphone for private information or for showing statistics to the dentist, Physical Activity Monitoring: Wireless sensors placed across the mattress sensing small motions, like breathing and heart rate and large motions caused by tossing and turning during sleep, providing data available through an app on the Smartphone.
IOsE (internet of smart energy)-Smart Grid:
Energy consumption monitoring and management, Wind Turbines/ Powerhouse: Monitoring and analyzing the flow of energy from wind turbines & powerhouse, and two-way communication with consumers’ smart meters to analyze the consumption patterns, Power Supply Controllers: Controller for AC-DC power supplies that determines required energy, and improve energy efficiency with less energy waste for power supplies related to computers, telecommunications, and consumer electronics applications, Photovoltaic Installations: Monitoring and optimization of performance in solar energy plants.
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