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To wat extent has the transmission of I.R orally aided or disadvantaged the general outlook of the religion

The transmission of Islamic religious teachings and practices primarily through oral means has played a significant role in shaping the general outlook of the religion. On one hand, oral transmission has helped to preserve the authenticity of the religion by ensuring that the teachings and practices passed down from generation to generation have remained true to the original sources such as the Quran and Hadith. The use of oral transmission allowed the teachings and practices to be passed down accurately and effectively through generations, as it was more easily accessible to people who couldn’t read or write, and it allowed for the formation of a strong sense of community and tradition within Islamic culture.

On the other hand, oral transmission also has its disadvantages, as it can be more prone to misinterpretation and alteration over time, as there is a lack of written record to refer back to. The lack of standardization of religious practices also led to different regions and communities interpreting and practicing the religion differently.

However, as previously mentioned, Islamic tradition has a rich written scripture that complements oral transmission, and it has been recorded in writing and commented upon by scholars. This helped to maintain a clear understanding of the religion and its teachings. Additionally, with the spreading of literacy, the availability of Islamic literature and the constant advancements in technology, scholars and the faithful have a much wider access to the written scripture and the interpretation of it, which might help to overcome some of the challenges in transmission and interpretation that were raised from oral tradition only.